The Parthan Creation Myth

The Creation:

Aminus was the first, the Primus, the creator, who poured forth the stars in the heavens. He created Naeja, the Earth, and found her beautiful and laid with her. From their union were born Elgar, Atep, and Isati. Elgar is the powerful master of the elements. Atep is the stoic keeper of time. Isati is the beautiful mistress of destiny. These were the Elders, ancient beings more powerful than any God or Titan.

The Titans:

Elgar and Isati had four children of their own; Galur, Amal, Morda and Ciel. These were the Elder Titans, the first of their kind, taller than the Akrothronos, the mountains that served as their thrones. They were created to rule over the world. Each was master of his or her element. Galur is great and as strong as the earth he rules, Amal is beautiful and fiery as the flames she commands, Morda is as cold and powerful as the waters he masters, and Ciel is as mighty and torrential as the air she controls.
The Elder Titans ruled the world, but not in peace. They battled for the greatest dominion, the earth erupted with fire and the waters doused the flames, the mountains pierced the skies and the winds turned the seas to storms. Despite their war they also bore children together, the numerous Titans and their Giantish kin that descended from them. Galur and Amal bore Lojandar and Anvugar. Morda and Ciel bore Muran and Sturmgar. Ciel then laid with Sturmgar, the Titan of Storms, and from their union was born Strathose, the Titan of Clouds.

Aminus gifted Amal the fires of Light and Life and these gifts were used to create a great sphere of flame to traverse the skies. Amal laid with Atep and bore two children; Ishobel and Ahamad. Amal set Ahamad to drive the great chariot that drew her flaming sphere across the sky by day, straight and true. Then at night he would land it at the far end of the world where Ishobel could fly it below the world, taking it back to the other side. All the time Atep would encircle the world in a steady passage assuring that all was in order.
One day Ishobel drove the chariot herself into the day sky. Atep captured her in his great lunar barge, and Ahamad took the reigns once again. Aminus ordered that, as punishment, forever more Ishobel would not be able to emerge into the daylight. She would always be a creature of the night and would live in the underworld, where the cursed dead would be sent to suffer under her hand, a duty she found to be terrible and demeaning. However, she was still allowed to drive the chariot from and to the edge of her borders.

The seas of Morda encircle the world and so often Morda and Ishobel would meet and they became lovers. In time Ishobel gave birth to three children by Morda: Siritheia, Akep, and Sekthis. Siritheia slithered from the darkness of the world in the form of a great sea serpent. She stalked the seas and brought suffering upon sailors who dared traverse her waters without the proper protections. Akep was a great storm that rose from the darkness of the seas and thundered along the coasts. He was strong and powerful and feared as equally as Siritheia. Sekthis was a twisted being, hideous in appearance and even more disgusting in his terribly sadistic nature. He takes great pleasure in serving his mother to bring suffering upon the world.
Siritheia was a terrible monster and she bore many monstrous offspring. They dwelled with her in her great cavern until they were mature at which time she set them upon the world to do their worst. From them are descended all monstrous creatures of the world.

Ishobel and Morda plotted against Amal and Ahamad, and one night when Ahamad set the flaming chariot of the sun on the edge of the world, Seritheia rose from the ocean and snatched it into the sea. Amal leapt into the sea to chase and there Morda set upon her. They fought long and hard in the depths of the ocean, but it was Morda’s home and Amal was losing. She escaped the sea and ran into the desert, but Morda followed her. There in the desert she encountered Ishobel who joined the battle against Amal. Together the two wicked gods killed Amal and she fell to the earth in a great pile of ash and bone. From the ashes of her remains rose a great bird of flame and magic, The Phoenix, which struck down Morda where he stood, and his blood poured into the desert sands forming the great river called Kamor. The Phoenix flew into the night sky, joining the stars. Ishobel sulked back into the darkness of the underworld.

When his mother did not arise from the depths of the sea Ahamad dove in after her. He found Siritheia and the chariot and they fought. He used his sword to split her belly open, from which poured forth thousands of great serpents that filled the sea. He retrieved the great Chariot and burst from the ocean, but the flame was already doused. Ishobel appeared and demanded the chariot for her ride in the underworld. He had to obey and so she took the Chariot and drove it to the East. There she did not cross the border and he took the Chariot again.

The Gods:

Naeja, angered at the in-fighting amongst the Titans, had laid with Atep and bore for him two daughters, Reahnae and Sheliacae. Aminus took the Divine Flame from Amal and gave it to the sisters, and they reignited the Orb. Ahamad to drove it into the skies once more, and was thereafter called Ahad-Amal. Naeja then began to tame the elements of fire and water and use them to create the rains and cleanse the earth. Reahnae and Sheliacae used their gifts of life and light to fill the world flora and fauna and bring seasons of fertility and birth.

The other Titans were angered when Aminus and Naeja forsook them, and so they sought to undermine these new goddesses. Zorinos, who was the son of Amal and Anvurgar, seduced Sheliacae, bringing her closer to the world, creating a drought that dried the lakes and killed the flora, bringing suffering to the creatures of the world.
Naeja feared her world would die and so she went to the Greater Titan of Storms, Sturmgar, and became his lover. She bore him two sons, Kalos and Torinos, who were gifted with their father’s rage and power over storms. Torinos blotted out the fires of Sheliaccea with dark clouds and washed the lands with raging rainstorms. Kalos challenged Zorinos, and defeated him in battle.
Naeja was pleased, and offered them both their choice of her daughters and grand-daughters as their brides. Kalos, having actually defeated Zorinos, was given first choice, and he chose Reahnae. This enraged Torinos, for Kalos knew that his brother greatly desired the beautiful and peaceful lady of life. He chose not to take a bride and drowned the world in his sorrow. His torrential rage caused a season of suffering by floods, lightning and storms.

Though she did not love him, Reahnae bore Kalos two children; Myrrae, who held all the love that she could never feel for their father, and Morinos, who was wise and had power over the growing things of the world.
Morinos went to Torinos and gentled him with soothing words and convinced him to calm his storms. He then brought life back to the flora of the world and gave refuge to the fauna. Myrrae gifted them with fertility and soon a great harvest was sowed from the world. Morinos brought the harvest to the other Gods and they rejoiced.

Naeja then sent Korilos, son of Isati, down from his icy mountain peak to set the world to sleep beneath a shroud of snow. Thus the natural cycle ended in a season of icy slumber. But this was not the end, for Reahnae came once again and reawoke the world with the first dawn of a new year. The seasons were set and the cycle of nature was given order by Atep.

Thus it was that the Gods replaced the Titans as rulers of the world. She created for them a palace of beautiful white stone atop the highest mountain and Strathose surrounded it with brilliant white clouds. From here they could look out upon all of her domain, and see what they had created.

The Atherians:

Naeja also had other children, of lesser origin. Bryna filled the seas, rivers and lakes with fish and other water life. Ilnysh created the creatures that crawl or walk upon the earth, and his daughter Liara filled the skies with birds and other flying creatures of beauty and grace. From them many more rare and exotic animals were born.

They also parented eternal spirits in the mortal world, fantastical beings bound to nature. These were the Atherians, who were full of life and vitality, god-like but mortal. Such were the Nereids and Dryads, Satyrs and Centaurs, the various capricious Feeri kind and others more unique and wild. They resided in another world between the mortal realm and the lands of the gods, called the Atheria. They were able to appear at the place of their mortal connection, and just as quickly retreat into this ethereal realm.

The Giants and the Dwarves:

The World of Naeja was now complete, or so she thought. After her world was filled with Flora and Fauna, the Titans began to war amongst each other. As they did so they began destroying all she had created. She came to her brother, Elgar, and bade him to end their rages, but he laughed and said that such chaos was their way and he reveled in it. The Atherians were powerful, but were never granted the gifts of war. Seeing no other choice, Naeja created a race to battle the Titans and their Giant children. The Titans dwelled upon the Akrothronos, and so she gave those mountains life, and thus were born the Duervan gods. They in turn cast from their furnaces thousands of small warriors and granted them the gift of steel. Thus the Duervar were born. The duervar were excellent warriors, and great in number. They defeated the Titans and giants, though in the end their own kingdoms fell as well. Thus the world was free of the giant scourge, for a time, but also cast into an age of Ice. Thus Naeja slumbered, healing from her wounds, with the Duervan Lords watching over her. Finally Sheliacae melted the Ice away and the Naeja awoke, the earth reborn.

The Parthans:

Naeja honored the Duervar for their loyalty, but she has not love for them, as they had little love for the natural world. Naeja longed for a race of children that could make her proud, who would love her and the glory of nature. So she created a race true to her, filled with grace, wit, ambition, strength, and most of all a love for her world. She called them Parthans, meaning “My People” and gave them the broad fertile lands at the foot of the Akrothronos, and they called it Parthus, “Land of the People”.
In the early ages of the Parthans the Gods were awesome, capricious beings to be feared and only invoked when absolutely necessary. Naeja is the mother of the world, the earth itself, and evident in all of nature; so she was sacred and beloved by the Parthans. The winds (Sheliacae, Reahnae, Torinos, Morinos, and Korlios), shaped the world at their whims with rain, storms, draught, heat and cold. From them the Parthans sought good weather and safety from the elements. Isati, goddess of fate and destiny and Atep, the god of the Moon and Time, were mysterious and inaccessible. Ishobel and her children were monstrous beings, and their descendants wrecked havoc upon the nescient civilization, and were hunted by early heroes. The animal lords, Bryna, Ilnysh and Liara, often walked amongst the mortals and took many as lovers, fostering such wondrous races as the Centaurs and Tritons.
To the early gods the mortals were there for their amusement, so they often pitted them against terrible monsters or set them off on nearly unconquerable quests for their own entertainment. The few that survived these great trials became renowned heroes, and it was from their descendants that the great civilizations of today arose.
On their quests these heroes often came into contact with the other wondrous children of the gods and Titans, the fae and giants, giving rise to many legends and sometimes even new creatures.

The Pillars of the Citadels:

Isati came to Ahad-Amal and bore him three children: Horaptuh, Satarius, and Salix. Horaptuh was fascinated with knowledge, and philosophy and began to study magic, which had been strictly forbidden by the gods, so he was outcast into the desert. Sata is a vain and powerful warrior who seeks fame through the destruction of monstrous beasts. Salix is a young and beautiful woman who is gifted with wisdom and teaches the law of truth.
Sata had defeated the Pheonix and trapped its soul into his sword. He became a god of Imprisonment and was later tricked into taking the duty of guarding the gates of Infernus (his vanity was used against him).
Salix was chosen by Isati to be betrothed to Strathose, the Cloud Titan, who also loved music and philosophy. Their son was Ariston, the Sky Lord. Ariston was great and well loved for he was handsome and powerful. He fathered many demi-gods and from their lines were born the first of the Parthan race.
The Parthans were given gifts from the other gods. Reahnae gave them life, Myrrae gave them love, etc… They were set them upon the coasts of Verosia where they began their lives as fishers and shepherds. In time, though, Salix’s influence grew amongst them and their wise rulers formed the first citadels.

At the same time that the empire of Kal-Kamora was rising to power another people were beginning their own civilization in the land beyond the rocky mountains to the southwest of Vas-Meknor. There laid a rough yet temperate land bordering the blue waters of Vas-Morda. Beyond that peninsula laid many islands and on all this land resided a simple culture of humans who fished the seas, farmed the land, and attempted to master the animals that lived amongst them. These were the various peoples who would collectively be called the Parthans. The Parthans had just started to form their own society and seeking knowledge beyond what they had previously known. Many lesser gods had come to them, and the Parthans easily fell into worshipping them. These were the Patron Deities of the City States.

While Horaptuh and Sata held a great deal of Influence over the Kamorans, Salix found little of that race interested in her teachings. So it was that she went to the Parthans and found amongst them some who would understand her teachings of wisdom and reason. They became known as the Philosophers and under her guidance formed a civilization ruled by intellectuals. They built a city around her coastal temple and named it Sartha, after the goddess. Her son, Kionanthus, from her brother Horaptuh, also came to be worshipped by the Parthans. He brought the knowledge of the written word and taught the people to keep a history and build great library. Salix promised those who spent their life in devotion to wisdom and philosophy a peaceful afterlife in a realm she called Paradisia Eterni. However, they also learned of Ishobel and the promise of a cursed afterlife in the underworld of Acropep for those who lived wicked lives.
In times the teaching of these gods would spread to other Parthans who were beginning their own cities across the peninsula and upon the many islands south and west of these lands.

REVISED:

In the Parthan creation myth, Naeja and Elgar parent the Titans and the Gods.
Sturmgar becomes ruler of all the Titans and Gods at first.
Then begins the Kal-Kamoran mythos about the creation of the sun and moon. Loran is called Atep, how Morda is killed by Amal and becomes the river Kamora and how Amal is killed by Ishobel and becomes the Pheonix. How Sirithreia stole the sun chariott into the sea, dousing its flame, and Ahad-Amal recovered it.
It also includes the story about how Sheliaccae and Reahnae were then gifted the power of Fire and Life and reignited the flame and Ahad-Amal served Sheliaccae there after. This is important because it wasn't part of the Kamoran myth, but nods to the power of the Gods that aren't part of the Kamoran mythos.

Then it goes into the story of how Zorin was born, tempted Sheliaccae to come close to the earth, beginning to destroy it, and how Naeja went to Sturmgar and from him conceived two children: Torinos and Kalos.
Kalos defeats Zorin and is given Reahnae as his bride to placate him. Together they have Myrrae (love and mothers), and Morin (agriculture and autumn).
Tornios, though, is also key in that story in blocking out the sun to weaken Zorin, and in the other myths he pretty much is done there. In the Parthan and Moarik myths, though, he continues to rise in power.
The Parthans (and Moariks), say he went on to battle many of the Titans who I have never mentioned before. There will be dozens of Titans he will put down. Kalos participates in some of these battles.
At this time Naeja creates the Parthans and the Aetheria (others); in that order. All other races will be created at a later time. The Kamorans, Ryoshans and Moarites are said to all be descendants of different Parthan men (much like in Greek mythology, a single progenitor hero or king fathers a culture/race).
At some point in here the Parthans angered Sturmgar, and so he sent Titans of the Sea to flood the lands of Parthus. This is when Verosia and Shur-Tahn became seperated and when Parthans began to move more in-land.
Around this time Sirithreia begins terrorizing the people of the world, and so Torinos attacks her with his lightning and drives her back below the earth.
The Parthan people so revere Tornios and fear Sturmgar that they begin to worship him. Torinos decides it is time to supplant his father, Sturmgar, and so he battles him and wins (no details yet).
Torinos now rules the Gods, but the Titans refuse to serve him. He begins waging a war between the Gods and Titans.

The Parthans begin to spread out, along the coast.
The Kamorans seperate here and move inland, up the river valley of Kamora.
The Ryoshans are the remnants of people living in the south after the flood. They will have been enslaved by the Lacertu. That is all that will be mentioned of them in the ancient myths.

As the Parthan civilizations grow and develop and Age of Heroes will begin.
During this time many Parthan heroes will go on great quests and adventures and will establish new civilizations around Southern Verosia and the islands off-shore. They claim that the Moariks will descend from some of these people, and so too will the Ganniards and J'mirans. This isn't entirely true, of course, but it is their explanation for these cultures.

Naeja has two children by Atep: Memnos and Thamos.
Upon their birth Isati prophecised that these two brothers, if allowed to exist together, would be the source of constant war where ever they met. So counciled that they should be seperated.
Naeja at first tried to ignore this prophecy. These children had their father's appreciation for law and so she could not see how they would not get along together. They were allowed to live in the eternal realms, but as they began to grow up they started fighting with each other more and more. Their battles became so incredible that they caused disaster in the heavens. At one point they knocked down the pillars holding up the sky. Finally Naeja realized she could not ignore the prophecy any longer and cast them out of the heavens.
Thamos was sent far away on the other side of the world to be raised by a mortal man and woman. He was given three animals to serve him: A white sheep, whose wool grew back immediately after being sheared, thus giving him all the clothing he and his family may need; a red highland cow, whose milk encouraged his growth as an immortal; and a black hound, who stood guard outside his home, and whose bark could stun a god and whose bite could kill a god.
Memnos, though, did not have such a disposition and Naeja put him upon a mountain above the plains of Sartha. There she sent Myrrae to raise him.
Memnos was given three divinely created animals to serve him: A silver goat, whose milk encouraged his growth as an immortal; a golden ram, who when killed would spring forth from the spot where he died again the next day, thus providing an infinite supply of fresh meat; and a black lion, who stood guard outside his cavern home and whose teeth and claws could kill a god. When Memnos got older he decided that he didn't needed the protection of the lion any longer and so he killed it with his bare hands and turned it into a cloak which he still wears.
Both men were sent gods to teach them.
Kalos trained them both in war, and forged them each a great weapon of war. Thamos was given a sword and Memnos a Spear.
Torinos, who created the horse (whose hooves are thunder in the skies), gave them each their pick of a great steed. Thamos chose white and Memnos black. He taught them to ride and fight from horse back.
Morinos taught them how to harvest the lands.
Kalos and Tornios took them each (seperately of course) out to battle giants and eventually Titans.
Thus each was prepared for his place in amongst the gods.
However, Thamos was raised by a mortal man and woman and thus was flawed in his raising. He became sympathetic to mortals and was thus weak in his love for them.
Memnos and Thamos only recalled each other as children, but they sensed each other's presence on the mortal world and both fealt an urge to seek each other out.

Now the The Kal-Kamorans were rising in power, and worshipped Aminus, Ahad-Amal, Ishobel and Atep as ultimate deities. They didn't even recognize the existence of many of the other Parthan gods (like Torinos).
The Kal-Kamorans then began strong arming the cultures around them, including many of the Parthan peoples.
When they get to the lands of Sartha, they found a people worshipping Hathonae, goddess of the Sea. Hathonae is the daughter of the mother of the sea-nymphs (Brynlyn) and ??? (I can't remember off-hand).
The Parthan people are subjugated, and as part of their tribute they must send ten young men and women from each civilization to the Kamorans to serve as slaves (and some say sacrifices and for the rites performed by Horaptuh).
Tornios does nothing about this, despite Hathonae's call for his help. Since the Kamorans travel mostly by land she is limited in what she can do.
During this time the Kamorans had a great influence on the development of the Parthan people. The Kamoran gods of culture found a people of great intellect and potential in the Parthans and so inspired the creation of the city states. These Kamoran gods began to be worshipped in Parthus: Salix, Kionanthus, and Horaptuh.
Torinos took Salix as his bride and she bore him a son, Ariston.

Memnos lived in the mountains above Sartha. He saw what was happening to these people and how they prayed for help from their gods but were ignored. He decided that there was an opportunity here for him. He sent word through an oracle for the King to send his son into the mountains. When the son arrived he tested him by sending a mountain lion to kill him. The boy fought and killed the lion, and so Memnos decided to help the Sarthans. He gave the boy a magical sword that would vanish from sight when not held by the hilt. He told the young man to go as one of the 10 men and women sent to the Kamorans. Then, when Night overcame Day, he would know that Memnos had blinded Ahad-Amal and he could lead the Parthans to freedom. So the boy told his father what happened and he was sent with the other men to be slaves to the Kamorans. He carried the sword hidden in plain site, and moved it whenever he feared someone might notice it. They arrived in Kamora and were sent to work as slaves. He and his friends began spreading the word that an uprising would come, and they would know it as time when the sun was blinded by night. So they waited and built up their stock pile of tools to use as weapons. Then one day, as dusk came, a cry rang out through the city that the King (Khanus) had been murdered. The city guard ran to the palace and was battling the High Priest of Ahad-Amal and his minnions. The young prince of Sartha decided that this was the sign, the priest of the sun god and the entire city guard was turned away, essentially blinded to what was happening. They rose up and broke free from the city. They headed across the desert at night, making their way towards the mountains. What they didn't know, though, was that the High Priest quickly defeated the guard of the Khanus, and learning that the slaves had escaped sent the army after them. The High Priest's love, the Khanus' wife, had been killed in the battle. He entombed her in the tomb of the Khanus, placing rites on it so that during the next solar eclipse he could raise her from the dead. He put with her 20 servant women to serve her while she waited in the after life.
The Kamoran army pursued the Parthans, and were led by their greatest warrior. But, just before they caught up to the Parthans, the Kamoran war leader learned that his sister had been imprisoned in a tomb alive by the High Priest. He immediately left the army on a swift charriott, riding back to Kal-Kamora. When he arrived he rushed to the tomb. He did not know that the very next day the eclipse would occur. A powerful abjuration was in place to prevent anyone but the High Priest from opening the tomb. If they did, a vast sand storm would destroy all Kal-Kamora. The warrior and his loyal men, the best warriors who had followed, broke into the tomb to free his sister. She was horified, and told him that he had doomed them all. Then a Sand Storm began. It lasted all day. The High Priest came to the tomb and destroyed the warrior and his followers, but what was set in motion could not be undone. He instead entombed himself with his bride, knowing that it would be thousands of years before another solar eclipse would come to the land of Kal-Kamora again.
The Kamoran army caught up with the Parthans the next day, just before the mountains, and a battle ensued. Surely the Parthans would be defeated against such a force, but just then the moon (Atep) crossed in front of the Sun (Ahad-Amal). Darkness covered the land, and the stars came out. The Parthans knew what the sign meant, The Day was blinded by the Night. The Kamorans were filled with dread. The Parthans scattered the Kamoran army and escaped.
Thus Kal-Kamora was destroyed, and the Parthans give the victory to Memnos.
What had happened? Memnos had gone to his father and learned when the day of the eclipse would be. He knew Ahad-Amal would be weakened, and thus he rode the Moon Barge, waiting for the two to meet each other. As the Moon overtook the Chariott, Memnos leapt onto it and wrestled with Ahad-Amal. Though he was burned he overcame the weaker god, and held him while all Kal-Kamora was destroyed. Atep allowed this, because his laws are absolute, and the magic the high priest had used could not be broken. He would not let Ahad-Amal save his people.
When the prince returned victorious, the people praised Memnos. They named him their patron of the city, but kept Hathonae as Patroness. Hathonae herself praised Memnos.

Now, Memnos didn’t like taking second seat to Hathonae and so decided to make her his bride, believing she would then be subservient to him. At this time, though Torinos had also been pursuing Hathonae. Though she never returned his interests, Torinos had declared that she was his bride to be. Hathonae told Memnos and Torinos that the man who took her as bride must complete the greater of seven tasks. She would tell them each in turn as the prior was finished, so they wouldn’t conspire to have others complete them for them. Thus began the Seven Suitors' Tasks.

Notes:

Death and Hedera:

Hedera: Goddess of Death
Horaptuh: Keeper of the rites of the dead

Death: When you die your soul remains tied to your body, but begins the descent into the underworld. Your soul wanders towards the western horizon where it meets Ishobel and she hauls your soul into the underworld on the chariot.
So long as your body is in some way a part of the world, though, you are tied to it. You can be resurrected, or even escape the underworld and return as an undead.
Relics are very important to the Parthans.
Some of the dead, though, try to escape Ishobel. They do not wander towards the horizon, and if they can avoid it before the next sunset they will have escaped Ishobel’s clutches and thus become undead. Horaptuh created rotes to access the souls of the dead by using their own remains. He became the first necromancer. He could use the souls of the dead to curse people, to help them, or to do things that the living couldn’t. He could also animate their bodies and make them serve him. He never, though, helped them escape death, as that would be against the laws. Later Talorn, his son and apprentice, would defeat him and take over his domain. Talorn wouldn’t follow the same laws and began helping the dead escape death by giving them undead bodies and binding their souls back to them, thus the first very powerful undead.
When your body is completely gone, though, you are completely separated from the Mortal world and can never return.

Parthans believe they were the first hum
ans created, Kamorans created after them, then Moarins and Ganniards, and then Ronans. Ryoshans?

Make a vague connection between the Parthan religion and Silrithia’s children, Lacertu and the Ryoshans.

Sirtihia is mother of monsters:
Dragons, Dragonne, Hydra, Sea-Serpents, Chimera, Sphinx, Lacertu, Kobolds, other monsters.

Reahnae= Arheana

Salix + Horaptu = Kionanthus
Kionanthus + Myrrae = Artagerus, Ilex, Elletaria
Muran + Atep = Hathonae
Brynlyn + Torinos= Fionn
Ariston + Fionn= Jana
Memnos created

Memnos conquers Aminus and takes control of the Night and Stars. Aminus actually just steps back and maintains his power as creator. Memnos’s priests will have access to Astronomancy.

Memnos + Hathone = Polynikia, Castoris, Creatis
Ariston + Polynikia = Tharos
???? +Polynikia= Markus
Memnos + Ishobel = Cauldread, Deagar, Lutherik
Jana + Daegar = Intybis

Artagerus + Mortal = Anthrus

Satarius is guardian of Infernus

Come up with numerous demi-gods:
3 Woes
3 Passions
3 Destinies
Etc…

Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 License